Battle of Bentonville, a Decisive Union Victory
The Battle of Bentonville was fought from March 19th to 21st, 1865 in Bentonville, North Carolina, near the town of Four Oaks. This crucial battle turned out to be the last battle between the armies of Union Major General William T. Sherman and Confederate Genneral Joseph E. Johnston. As the right wing of the army of Sherman commanded by Major General Oliver O. Howard marched toward Goldsborough, the left wing under command of Major General H. W. Slocum came upon the army of Johnston in trenches. During the first day of the battle, however, the Confederates routed two of the divisions of the Union army. Meanwhile, as General Sherman defended its other positions and sent reinforcements into the battlefield the following day, General Johnston withdrew into a skirmishing maneuver. The third day, as the skirmishing continued, the division commanded by Major General Joseph A. Mower approached the Confederate rear and attacked, but the Confederates successfully repulsed the attack while Sherman was ordering Mower to rejoin his own troops. That evening, however, General Johnston decided to withdraw from the battlefield, only to surrender to Sherman a month later at Bennett Place and Durham Station. General Robert E. Lee had already surrendered, and this ended the war.
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