Thursday, December 8, 2016

"Mad" Anthony Wayne #history #genealogy #northcarolinapioneers

His Reputation of Aggressive Warfare Earned the Name of "Mad" Anthony Wayne

Mad Anthony WayneAnthony Wayne was born in Easttown Township nearthe present-day Paoli, Chester County, Pennsylvania. His father was an Irish immigrant and part of a Protestant Anglo-Irish family. Wayne was educated to be a surveyor at the private academy of his uncle in Philadelphia. He also attended the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania), where he was in the class of 1765, but did not earn a degree there. In 1765 he was sent by Benjamin Franklin and some associates to work for a year surveying land granted in Nova Scotia and the following year he assisted the formation of a settlement in Monckton. In 1767 he worked in the tannery of his father, also as a surveyor. He became a prominent figure in Chester County and served in the Pennsylvania Legislature from 1774 to 1780. When the war for independence commenced in 1775, Wayne raised a militia unit and earned the title of Colonel of the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment the following year. He and his regiment were sent to the aid of Benedit Arnold in an attempt to help the Continental Army to invade Canada. Wayne had some success in the Battle of Trois-Rivieres and led distressed forces on Lake Champlain at Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence. His service resulted in a promotion to brigadier general on February 21, 1777. Later on that year, Wayne commanded the Pennsylvania Line at Brandywine, where his troops were sent to protect the American right flank and hold off General Wilhelm von Knyphausen. The two forces fought for three hours until the American line withdrew, and Wayne was ordered to retreat. Later, Wayne was ordered to harass the British rear in order to slow down the advance of General Howe into Pennsylvania. His camp was attacked and the Battle of Paoli ensued. General Charles Grey ordered his men to remove their flints and attack with bayonets in order to keep their assault secret. The attack earned General Grey the nickname "No Flint," but the Americans used the tactics and casualties as propaganda regarding British brutality. Thus, the reputation of General Wayne was somewhat tarnished because of American losses and he demanded a formal inquiry in order to clear his name. In October, Wayne led his forces against the British in the Battle of Germantown. Wayne's soldiers pushed ahead of other American units, and, according to his report, when the British retreated, they "pushed on with their Bayonets taking ample vengence." Generals Wayne and Sullivan advanced too quickly, however, and became entrapped when they found themselves two miles ahead of other American units. As General Howe arrived and reformed the British line, American forces retreated. General Wayne was again ordered to hold off the British and cover the rear of the retreating body. Wayne had more bad luck when he led the American attack at Valley Force in 1778. During this battle, his forces found themselves abandoned by General Charles Lee and pinned down by a superior British force. Wayne held out until relieved by reinforcements sent by Washington. Wayne reformed his troops and continued to fight. Then, when the body of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Monckton was discovered by the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, rumors spread that Monckton had died fighting Wayne. In July 1779 Washington named Wayne to command the Corps of Light Infantry, a temporary unit of four regiments of light infantry companies drawn from all the regiments in the Main Army. Wayne went on to have some successes during the war, but suffered embarrassment when his two brigades and four cannons failed to destroy a blockhouse at Bulls Ferry opposite New York City. But Wayne was the commanding officer when there was a mutiny in the Pennsylvania Line. Wayne successfully resolved the mutiny by dismissing about one half of the line. Wayne largely returned the Pennsylvania Line to full strength by May 1781, but doing so delayed his departure to Virginia, where he had been sent to assist the Marquis de Lafayette against British forces operating there. The line's departure was delayed once more when the men again complained about being paid in the nearly worthless Continental currency. It was in Virginia that Wayne led the advance forces of Lafayette in an action at Green Spring to determine the location of Lord Charles Cornwallis. But they fell into a trap. Once again, Wayne held out against numerically superior forces until reinforced by Major John Wyllys. Then Lord Cornwallis attacked his slim forces of about 900 men. In the counter-attack, Wayne led a bayonet charge against the British, an retreated before night. After the British surrendered at Yorktown, Wayne went further south and severed the British alliance with Native American tribes in Georgia. He then negotiated peace treaties with both the Creek and the Cherokee, for which Georgia rewarded him with the gift of a large rice plantation. He was promoted to major general on October 10, 1783. After the evacuation of Savannah, Georgia, Wayne occupied the city in hopes of being awarded some of the confiscated plantations of loyalists, but instead was awarded a land grant for his military service. state legislature for a year in 1784. He then moved to Georgia and settled upon an insignificent tract of land granted him by for his military service. As he rode into town, he remarked upon the destruction of the great homes and plantations perpetuated by the British. He remained in Georgia and became a delegate to the state convention which ratified the United States Constitution in 1788 and in 1791, he served in the Second United States Congress as a U.S. Representative of Georgia's 1st congressional district. 

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Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Old Homes in the Country #genealogy #northcarolinapioneers

Old Homes Collapsing Before Our Eyes 

collapsing houseSome home just get all used up. It looks like this one in Washington County supported a rather large family and their surrounding land. After the railroad bulleted its way through the countryside beginning in the 1840s, families were no longer isolated and deserted their farms in search of richer soil. Then, a lack of labor after the civil war disrupted the agricultural economy of the South. Eventually, by about 1900, families moved into the cities where they found work in cotton mills. It is sad to see one of these old homes falling in disrepair and the story of its demise before your eyes. It may bear investigation into the county records to learn more. 

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Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Washington Co. NC Genealogy Records #northcarolinapioneers

Washington County Genealogy Records



Farm in Washington CountyWashington County was formed in 1799 from the western third of Tyrrell County. It was named for George Washington. County seat is Plymouth, North Carolina.

Records Available to Members
  • List of Miscellaneous Records at North Carolina State Archives 1867 to 1933
  • List of Guardians 1870 to 1941
  • List of Estates 1869 to 1959

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Monday, December 5, 2016

Historical Tryon Palace in North Carolina #history #genealogy #northcarolinapioneers

Tryon Palace in New Bern

Tryon Palace

During colonial days, Governor William Tryon had an architect imported from London to design a Georgian-style structure for his family home. John Hawks completed the structure in 1770 and "Tryon Palace" served as the first permanent capitol of North Carolina. It was at this site that the First Session of the General Assembly was held after the Revolutionary War. It housed the State governors until 1794. Four year's later, a fire destroyed the original building which took thirty years to rebuild. Over the years improvements were made to the palace and its grounds until finally in 1969 the palace was re-opened. Plat of Tryon Palace


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Sunday, December 4, 2016

Images of Pasquotank Co. NC Wills and Estates #genealogy #northcarolinapioneers

Pasquotank County Wills and Estates


pasquotank

Pasquotank was formed as early as 1668 as a precinct of Albemarle County. Its name is derived from an Indian word pasketanki which meant "where the current of the stream divides or forks." It is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Albemarle Sound and Perquimans. Gates, and Camden counties. In 1799 Elizabeth (City) Town was made the county seat and on June 6, 1800, the first court was held there. Elizabeth City was first called Redding, which was established in 1793. Redding was changed to Elizabeth Town in 1794, and Elizabeth Town was changed to Elizabeth City in l801.

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Miscellaneous Genealogy Records
  • Abstracts of Pasquotank County 1688 to 1777
  • Marriage Bonds 1780 to 1925
  • Miscellaneous Records at North Carolina State Archives 1703 to 1940

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Saturday, December 3, 2016

"The Robesonian" Newspaper #genealogy #northcarolinapioneers



The Robesonian Aug 20 1873 Lumberton NC 

" A man by the name of Joseph Hinson familiarly known as Fighting Joe, the mail carrier between Wadesboro and Salisbury, was found dead in his buddy on Thursday last. The horse went up to a gentleman's gate on the route and stopped, when some of the family went out to the buggy and discovered Hinson lying on the seat dead. He was about 30 or 35 years old andwhen last seen alive appeared to be in robust health. His home was in Montgomery County." 

The Robesonian Feb 3, 1897

" Seminole War Captain. Capt. Haley T. Blocker, a captain in the Seminole war, died at Tuscaloosa, Florida. He was born in Endgefield District, SC April 2, 1818 and moved to Florida about the year of 1869. He was also a captain in the Confederate Army." 


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Friday, December 2, 2016

Marion Depot in McDowell Co. NC #history #genealogy #northcarolinapioneers

The Marion Depot

Marion DepotMarion is a city in McDowell County, North Carolina, United States. In downtown Marion, the restored Marion Depot is the oldest surviving depot on the Western Rail Line which had its roots in 1855. Interestingly, Charles F. Fisher had the first contract with the company to construct the line. Later, Colonel Fisher commanded the 6th North Carolina Regiment and was killed while leading a charge on a Union Army battery at the First Battle of Bull Run. However, the Western North Carolina Railroad Company was sold at foreclosure on April 27, 1880 when it was conveyed to Western North Carolina Railroad Company. 
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