Monday, October 16, 2017

Bladen Co. NC Genealogies and Histories #northcarolinapioneers

Bladen County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Probate Records


Elizabethtown

Bladen County was taken from New Hanover County in 1734 and named for Martin Bladen, Lord Commissioner of Trade and Plantation. The county seat is Elizabethtown, formed in 1773 but not incorporated until 1895.

Probate Records available to members of North Carolina Pioneers

Images of Wills 1766 to 1833

Adair, James | Adair, James (2) | Allen, Joseph | Andres, Samuel | Andres, William | Andrews, James | Andrews, John | Atkinson, Willis

Bailey, Thomas | Baldwin, John | Baldwin, William | Barfield, Richard | Beard, John | Beard, Will | Beasley, Robert | Beatty, John | Benson, Daniel | Blackenell, Elizabeth | Blue, Catherine | Bradley, James | Bridges, Matthew | Bright, Robert | Bright, Simon | Brown, George | Brown, John | Bryan, Caroline | Bryan, George | Bryant, William | Burney, William | Byron, Alexander | Byron, John | Bryne, Matthew

Cain, James | Cain, Joseph | Cain, Samuel | Campbell, Archibald | Campbell, James | Campbell, Margaret | Cawel, Samuel | Chance, Daniel | Chause, Joseph | Cheshire, Richard | Child, James | Clady, James | Clark, Benjamin | Clark, David | Clarke, Daniel | Cohoon, John | Coleman, Moses | Collins, Richard | Cooper, Benjamin | Cooper, Joseph | Cowan, William | Crawford, Margaret | Cromartie, A. | Cromartie, Calvin | Cromartie, James | Cromartie, John | Cromartie, William | Culbraith, Archibald

Daniel, Overton | Davey, Euphoria | Davis, Edmond | Davis, Edward | Davis, Henry | Davis, Isabella | Davis, Turner | Davis, William | Deacon, Mary | Devane, John | Dickson, Calvin | Dorsey, James | Dove, Esther | Downing, George | Dunham, William | Dupree, Auralia

Ellis, Evan | Ellis, John | Evans, James | Fitzrandolph, Benjamin | Flinn, David | Fort, John | Franklin, Edwin

Gardner, Ann | Gates, Jean | Gates, Peter | Gibbs, George | Gibbs, John | Gillespie, James | Glass, Levy | Gray, Abraham | Green, Mary

Hall, Jonathan | Harrison, John | Harvey, Priscilla | Harvey, Robert | Harvey, William | Haynes, Joshua | Hays, Elizabeth | Hendon, William | Henry, William | Herring, Mary | Herrington, Elizabeth | Hester, Thomas | Hill, Isaac | Hodge, Robert | Hollingsworth, Stephen | Holmes, Edward | Holmes, Moses

Ikuer, George | Jennigan, Whitmal | Jessip, John | Johnson, Joel | Johnson, William | Johnston, Lelah | Jones, Griffith | Jones, Isaac | Jones, Levi | Jones, Musgrove | Jordan, River | Joseph, Isaac

Kea, John | Kelley, James | Kelley, Thomas | Kelly, Archibald | Kelly, Mary | Kelly, Neil | Key, Duncan McCones | Key, Matthew | King, Alexander | King, Duncan

Lamb, Mary | Laurent, Duncan | Lewis, Richard | Lloyd, Anna | Lloyd, Nancy | Lock, Elizabeth | Lock, John | Lock, Joseph | Lock, Mary | Lock, Leonard | Lorris, Francis | Lorris, Richard | Love, Thomas | Lucas, Francis | Lucas, Henry | Lucas, Thomas | Lyon, Eleanor

Maultsby, Anthony | Maxfield, Mary | McCall, Duncan | McConkey, Robert | McDonell, Alexander | McDougal, Allen | McDugald, Margaret | McEwen, John | McKay, Ann | McKay, Iver | McKay, James | McKay, Ralph | McKee, Ann | McKuhan, Duncan | McKuhan, D. F. | McLeod, Lauchlin | McLearn, John | McLelland, Andrew | McMaster, Felix | McMillan, Dugard | McMillan, Duncan | McMillan, Edward | McMillan, Jeannette | McMillan, John | McMillan, Joseph | McNaughton, John | McNeill, John | McNeill, Mary | McNeill, Hector | McRee, James | McRee, Robert | McRee, William | Meek, George | Melvin, Daniel | Melvin, George | Melvin, John | Melvin, Joshua | Melvin, Robert | Meredith, James | Miller, Frederick | Monroe, Duncan } Monroe, Nancy | Moore, Berenger | Moore, James | Moore, Maurice | Moore, William | Moore, William | Moorhead, James | Moorhead, Mary | Morrison, John | Mosick, Jacob | Mossinger, Joseph | Mulford, Elizabeth | Mulford, Ephraim | Mullington, Richard | Murphy, Hugh | Murrell, Zachariah | Mustlewhite, Thomas

Norman, Jeremiah | Nortin, Shadrach | Owen, John | Owen, Thomas | Parker, William | Patterson, Paul | Phares, Samuel | Pitman, Jacob | Plummer, James | Pope, Anney | Porter, John | Porter, John (2) | Powell, John | Powell, Zilpha | Purdis, James

Ray, Dugald | Reese, Thomas | Regan, Joseph | Register, William | Rials, Elizabeth | Richardson, Nathaniel | Richardson, Samuel | Richardson, Samuel Neal | Robeson, Thomas, Colonel | Robeson, Thomas | Robison, James | Robison, Samuel | Rowland, James | Russ, John | Russ, John (2) | Russ, Joseph | Russ, Mary

Salkeld, Isaac | Salter, Richard Sr. | Salter, Sarah | Salter, William | Salter, William (2)| Shaw, Archibald | Shaw, Catherine | Shaw, Daniel | Shaw, John | Shaw, Penelope | Sherridan, Thomas | Shipman, Daniel | Shipman, Hayes | Sikes, David | Simmons, Saunders | Simpson, John | Singletary, Benjamin | Singletary, David | Singletary, Edward | Singletary, John | Singletary, Joshua | Singletary, Josiah | Singletary, Richard | Smith, Benjamin | Smith, David | Smith, James | Smith, John | Smith, Margaret | Smith, Samuel | Smith, Thomas | Smith, William | Stephens, John | Stone, Benjamin | Storm, Mary | Stubbs, George | Sutton, William

Tatom, Theophilus | Taylor, Daniel | Taylor, John | Thaggard, Isaac | Thomas, George | Thomas, Michael | Thomas, Sarah | Thompson, Lewis | Troy, Robert

Vernon, Ann | Waddell, Mary | Weathersbee, Cade | Westbrooks, James | White, John | White, Matthew | White, William | Wilkerson, William | Williamson, Lewis | Willis, Betty | Willis, David | Willis, John | Willis, Robert | Wingate, John | Wootin, John | Yedder, George | Young, Matthew | Young, Nathan | Young, William  more Wills ....

Find your Ancestors Records on North Carolina Pioneers

SUBSCRIBE HERE
Memberships has its benefits
Become a Member Click on Bundle and Save



Click on Subscribe

Monday, October 9, 2017

Beaufort Co. NC Genealogies and Histories #northcarolinapioneers

Beaufort County Genealogy, Wills and Estates


map of Beaufort, NCIndians were in the territory by the 1650s, two Indian tribes, the Secotan Confederation and the Pomouik Nation (called Pamlico). The first white settlers were traders who resided along the Pamlico River, some of whom took Indian wives and learned the language. The area was named Pamtecough County in 1705. The name was changed in 1712. The town of Bath was the first county seat. 

Beaufort County Wills and other County Records Available to Members of North Carolina Pioneers. 

Miscellaneous Wills
  • Williams, Thomas, LWT dated 1793
Images of Beaufort County Wills 1720 to 1775
  • Abbott, William
  • Adams, Anna
  • Adams, James
  • Adams, John
  • Alderson, John
  • Allen, Timothy
  • Becton, Richard
  • Belote, Hillery
  • Bright, John
  • Bright, Richard
  • Buckingham, Stephen
  • Campain, Joseph
  • Campen, Joram
  • Cannon, Sarah
  • Chauncy, Walley
  • Clement, Thomas
  • Conlanike, Michael
  • Conner, Phillip
  • Cooper, Daniel
  • Coyler, Cornelius
  • Crawford, Ann
  • Crawford, Charles
  • Davis, Jhan
  • Delvent, John
  • Doe, Edward
  • Eckols, John
  • Evitts, Walter
  • Flannikin, James
  • Floyd, Griffin
  • Forman, Willis
  • Fortner, James
  • Fripp, John
  • Fulinton, Andrew
  • Harfoot, Robert
  • Harrison, Thomas
  • Herinton, James
  • Hollon, Richard
  • Horton, Jesse Sr.
  • Jacken, David
  • Jackson, John
  • Jasper, John
  • Jewell, Thomas
  • Jones, Josias
  • Jones, Walter
  • Jordan, John
  • Joyner, Israel
  • Keech, John
  • Kelley, Matthew
  • Leigh, James
  • Lewis, Griffith
  • Lockey, Cele
  • Mays, William
  • McKeel, Thomas
  • McMath, Robert
  • McNaire, Charles
  • Mills, John Sr.
  • Newton, Francis
  • Odean, Charles
  • Odean, Elizabeth
  • Odean, John
  • Palmer, John
  • Pearce, Edmond
  • Perkins, James
  • Peyton, Benjamin
  • Peyton, Eleanor
  • Phillips, William
  • Pindar, William
  • Pritchett, James
  • Pritchett, Peter
  • Rigney, Hanah
  • Rigney, James
  • Roe, Sarah
  • Shute, Phillip
  • Slade, James
  • Slade, Joseph
  • Smith, Charles
  • Squire, John
  • Taylor, Samuel
  • Tindel, John
  • Tripp, John
  • Underwood, Thomas
  • Wall, James
  • Wallis, Jonathan
  • Welch, Mathew
  • Whitehurst, Josias
  • Williams, Thomas

Find your Ancestors Records on North Carolina Pioneers

SUBSCRIBE HERE
Memberships has its benefits
Become a Member Click on Bundle and Save



Click on Subscribe

Monday, October 2, 2017

Ashe Co. NC Genealogies and Histories #northcarolinapioneers

Ashe County Genealogy Resources: Wills and Estates 1801 to 1903


Ashe CountyAshe County was created 18 November 1799 from Wilkes County. The area that became Ashe County was part of Anson County, Rowan County, Surry County, and Wilkes County. Both Alleghany and Watauga Counties were formed out of Ashe County. The county seat is Jefferson, North Carolina. The Ashe County Courthouse in Jefferson was destroyed by fire in 1865, however, the surviving records are contained here. The Will Books reflect inconsistent years, suggesting that there are gaps due to the loss of records in the fire. 

Indexes to Probate Records
  • Book A, 1801 to 1857
  • Book B, 1828 to 1838
  • Book C, 1837 to 1941
  • Book D, 1853 to 1871
  • Book E, 1873 to 1903
Images of Wills and Estates, Volume A, 1801 to 1857

Testators: Adams, John | Alexander, J. W. | Baker, John | Bass, Edward Beal, James | Blackburn, Elizabeth | Blevins, Wells | Brown, James | Brown, William | Burket, Christian | Chambers, Henry | Clampett, George | Clawson, Asa | Cook, Adam | Cook, Michael | Cauncill, Jordan | Debord, Benjamin | Edward, Jane | Eggers, Landrine | Estef, Shadrach | Evans, Barnabas | Farthings, William | Fredway, Robert | Galloway, Elijah | Gambell, Martin | Goodman, Peter | Green, John | Isaacs, James | Jackson, James | Johnson, Jesse | Kenly, Jesse | Landrick, William | Lyall, James | Maxwell, James | Mikel, Daniel | Milanes, William | Mullins, William | Osborn, Mary | Phillips, Mary | Phipps, Samuel | Plummer, Joseph | Powers, M. | Pugh, Julius | Reeces, John | Reeves, Jesse | Ross, Reuben | Sheavers, Robert | Shull, Mary | Shull, Simon | Songs, Samuel | Sturgitt, Francis | Taylor, William | Wagg, John |Walbrooks, Larkin |Whitaker, Peter |Whittington, John |Williams, John |Williams, Lewis | Willis, Leonard |Wyatt, Zebodee 

Images of Wills and Estates, Volume B, 1828 to 1838

Testators: Atkins, John |Brown, John |Brown, Joseph |Brown, Polly | Brown, Thomas | Bryan, Morgan | Callaway, Thomas | Davis, Stanley | Edwards, David | Greer, Aquilla | Hardin, Henry | Hardin, William |Hill, William |Landrith, Nathaniel Latham, Alexander | Mast, David |Moseley, Samuel |Parks, Ambrose | Perry, Robert | Phipps, George | Phillips, Nathan | Ray, James | Stamper, Jonathan | Watters, William | Woodruff, John 

Images of Wills and Estates, Volume C, 1837 to 1941

Testators: Austin, G. B. | Barker, Ambrose | Bean, Jacob | Blevins, Roby | Burgess, Wiley | Calhoun, W. R. | Callaway, J. | Campbell, Mary | Colsand, J. W. | Dalinger, M. | Davis, J. M. | Dolinger, T. L. | Duwall, James | Ellen, W. |Francis, Henry |Gentry, Levi | Grayson, William |Gurley, Thomas |Hall, J. C. |Hardin, R. W. | Hausk, W. H. |Hinley, Lee |Hodgeon, Henry |Houck, Lowery | Jones, B. W. |Jones, Wade |McGuire, H. |McNeil, L. |McMillan, John |Miller, Elizabeth | Miller, H. M. | Miller, J. B. | Monty, John | Osborne, Harris | Parsons, J. | Perkins, G. H. | Phillips, C. W.| Phillips, Nathan | Plummer, J. B. | Pope, J. W. | Prince, R. | Ray, John | Roberts, W. | Roland, J. | Sheets, S. W. Wellborne, William | Weaver, J. R. | Werth, W. H. | Wieseberger, R. | Williams, H. | Williams, Susannah Williamson, Walter 

Images of Wills and Estates, Volume D, 1853 to 1871

Testators: Anderson, Richard | Baker, William | Baldwin, Jacob | Bower, Absalom | Brooks, Thomas | Burket, Christian | Debords, Benjamin | Dickson, Daniel | Dickson, Moses | Doughten, Clarke | Faws, John | Fender, John | Halaway, Daniel | Hardin, Henry | Hill, David | Jenning, William | Johnson, Samuel | Johnson, William Jones, Daniel | Jones, John | Kounce, George | Krawse, John | Landricks, Stephen | Lewis, A. J. | May, John | May, Nancy | Maxwell, Sidney | McMillan, John | Miller, Jonathan | Mullis, James | Oliver, Mary | Perkins, Allen | Perkins, Luther | Perkins, William | Phipps, Samuel | Poe, Jain | Poe, Jaine | Richardson, Elisha | Saunders, Richard | Smith, B. | Smith, Hugh | Smith, James | Turner, Andrew | Wills, David 

Images of Wills and Estates, Volume E, 1873 to 1903

Testators: Allen, John | Ashley, Martha | Ashley, William | Austin, Anderson | Baives, George | Baldwin, William M. | Ballou, N. B. | Ballou, Sarah | Ballou, Susan | Bare, Henry | Barl, Elias Blackburn, Hamilton B. | Blackshear, Hamilton B. | Blevins, Daniel | Blevins, Jackson | Blevins, Jacob | Blevins, John | Blevins, Wells | Bower, George | Boyden, Nathaniel | Brooks, Polly | Brooks, Sentleger | Brown, William | Burgess, Hugh L. | Burgess, Sanders | Burkett, Catherine | Calaway, Thomas | Caloway, Thomas S. | Carson, John | Castle, Nancy | Childers, Hiram | Church, John | Church, Wiley | Conson, John M. | Cook, Charles W. | Cox, Cora | Cox, William | Davis, America | Davis, American | Davis, Daniel | Davis, John | DeBoard, Benjamin | Dewey, Sarah | Dickson, David | Duvall, Thomas | Ellen, Jacob | Elliott, Wilburn | Foster, N. A. | Francis, Mahala | Gambill, James | Garvey, James | Gentry, John | Grimes, Wesley | Goodman, Isaac | Goodman, Jacob | Goodman, Joab | Goodman, William H. | Govert, Frederick | Graham, Jiles | Graybeal, Calvin | Graybeal, Doriel | Graybeal, Eli | Graybeal, Jacob | Graybeal, John | Graybeal, Joseph | Green, John F. | Griffith, John | Griffith, S. | Hagarman, John | Hall, M. Etta | Hamilton, George H. | Hardin, Mark | Hardin, Mary Ann | Hardin, R. T. | Harkins, Johnston | Harvell, Daniel | Hash, James | Hawthorn, Andrew | Howell, George Sr. | Hurley, Harvey C. | Hudler, Joseph | Hurley, James F. | Jacks, Richard | Johnson, Aaron | Johnson, Campbell | Johnson, J. C. | Jones, John | Ketchum, G. W. |King, Joseph | Kitchinson, A. | Koons, Jacob | Lang, Andrew M. | Latham, Silas | Lewallers, Catherine | Lewis, Nancy C. | Little, Isaac | Long, Isaiah | Martin, John W. | Martin, William M. | Mash, James | Mash, William | McClure, Elizar | McGuire, Robert | McMillan, Andrew | McMillan, Iridell Miller, Daniel | Miller, Eli | Miller, James | Miller, Nancy | Miller, William | Moore, W. G. | Neal, John | Neal, Joseph | Neal, Quincy | Oliver, James | Osborne, Alfred | Osborne, Clemons | Osborne, Enoch | Osborne, J. A. | Osborne, Stephen | Parsons, Catharine | Patrick, Jerrymire | Penington, Stephen | Perkins, W. E. | Phillips, Nancy | Phillips, William | Phipp, Greenbury | Phipps, William C. | Pierce, R. K. | Plummer, Nancy | Plummer, Samuel | Poe, John | Poe, Martha | Pope, Elijah | Pope, Elijah (1881) | Price, William | Ray, Jesse | Reedy, Rebecca | Reeves, George W. | Reeves, Rebecca | Reves, John | Reynolds, Terrissa | Richardson, John | Roan, Jonathan | Roark, Joshua | Roland, David | Rominger, Isabella | Rotan, Larkin | Scott, James | Senters, N. M. | Shepherd, J. W. | Shepard, Levi | Shepherd, Melvin | Smith, James | Smith, Tobias | Stamper, John | Stephens, Gardner | Stuart, Newel | Stump, Christopher C. | Tatum, Joseph | Taylor, Charles | Taylor, Hellen | Taylor, Mary | Taylor, William | Tegue, Moses | Testerman, Peter | Thomas, W. T. | Thompson, Alexander | Thompson, Wesley | Turner, Standiford | Turner, William | Vany, John H. | Wagoner, Henry | Warren, Peter M. | Wayman, Thomas | Waters, William | Waugh, James P. | Waugh, James P. (1891) | Weaver, B. M. | Weaver, Gideon | Welch, James | Weymer, Henry | Williams, Nancy | Worth, David | Wyatt, John | Wyatt, William | Yates, E. C. | Yates, Squire Allen 

Find your Ancestors Records on North Carolina Pioneers

SUBSCRIBE HERE
Memberships has its benefits
Become a Member Click on Bundle and Save



Click on Subscribe

Monday, September 25, 2017

Anson Co. NC Genealogies and Histories #northcarolinapioneers

Anson County Genealogy, Wills, Estates


Monroe, North Carolina
Monroe, North Carolina.

Anson County was formed in 1750 from Bladen County. It was named for George Anson, Baron Anson, a British admiral, who circum-navigated the globe from 1740 to 1744, and later became First Lord of the Admiralty. The county began to shrink in 1753 when the northern part of it became Rowan County. In 1762 the western part of Anson County became Mecklenburg County. In 1779 the northern part of what remained of Anson County became Montgomery County, and the part east of the Pee Dee River became Richmond County. Finally, in 1842 the western part of Anson County was combined with the southeastern part of Mecklenburg County to become Union County.

An explanation of Pleas and Quarter Session Minutes in North Carolina.
By Jeannette Holland Austin

This type of court emulates a court which met quarterly in Great Britain. In early colonial America, it also had criminal jurisdiction. The genealogist should always examine the minutes of this court. And for good reason. It is similar to the (later) Inferior Court Minutes which registered everything from wills, administrations, inventories, and estates in general. The colonial North Carolina court recorded last wills and testaments as they were entered for probate, detailed inventories, distributions, sales of perishable goods and who purchased them, names of orphans and who they were apprenticed to, appointments of adminstrators, bonds, road commissioners and a general description of road junctures, adjoining lands and ferries. These minutes tell the story of the neighboring lands and what was happening. Simply a mention of your ancestor's name is reason enough to search them, because you discover the years that he resided in that county, as well as some of his personal affairs, like proving deeds as he purchased and sold property, registering of brands (animals), the appointments of church wardens, and districting lines drawn through his property. So often, the genealogist is unable to locate a last will and testament in the will books. The minutes will mention that it was filed as well as the date, even if it was not found in the will books. You simply have too much to gain to overlook this valuable source! An Index to the Minutes of the Pleas of the Quarter Sessions 1771 to 1775 is available.

Images of Wills 1751 to 1779 
Names of Testators: Auld, James | Auld, Rachel | Auld, Richard | Armstrong, James | Blackford, Samuel | Clements, Matthew | Coburn, John | Colson, John | Davis, Christopher | Ferguson, David | Giles, John | Haynes, John | Hicks, John | Hough, Richard | Husbands, John | Ingram, George | Jackson, John | Johnson, William | Lanier, Sampson | Lee, John | Lee, Robert | Love, William | Martin, Joseph | McClendon, John | McConnell, Alexander | McDowell, Charles | McPherson, Priscillah | McLeod, Jeannette | Meadors, Jason | Meredith, James | Moore, John | Morris, Charles | Presler, John | Ratliff, William | Roper, John | Ryle, John | Smith, Thomas | Snead, Samuel | Stephens, John | Stewart, John | Terry, William | Van House, John | Vaughn, Stephen | Wade, Thomas | White, Thomas | Wilson, George 

Find your Ancestors Records on North Carolina Pioneers

SUBSCRIBE HERE
Memberships has its benefits
Become a Member Click on Bundle and Save



Click on Subscribe

Monday, September 18, 2017

Albemarle Co. NC Genealogies and Histories #northcarolinapioneers

Albemarle County, North Carolina Probate Records


Albemarle County North Carolina

The former county of Albemarle County was established in 1664 and was located in the northeastern portion of North Carolina. The county was named after the first Duke of Albemarle (George Monck), who was one of the eight Lords Proprietors of the Province of Carolina, for whom the Albemarle Sound is also named. Under the original divisions of the province, the county to the south of Albemarle was called Clarendon County and centered on the Cape Fear region, but was only briefly occupied in the 1660s. Bath County was organized in 1696 and lay more closely to the south. By 1670 the four precincts of Albemarle County had been formed: Shaftesbury, Currituck, Pasquotank, and Berkeley. In 1681, Berkeley was renamed Perquimans and during 1685 Shaftesbury became Chowan. By 1689 the county ceased to function as a governmental unit and was replaced by the four precincts. However, Albemarle County was officially abolished in 1739. The Higher Court of North Carolina functioned in Albemarle County. 

Albemarle County (now extinct) Records available to members of North Carolina Pioneers
  • Higher Court Records 1670 to 1696

Find your Ancestors Records on North Carolina Pioneers

SUBSCRIBE HERE
Memberships has its benefits
Become a Member Click on Bundle and Save



Click on Subscribe

Monday, September 11, 2017

Alamance County NC Genealogies and Histories #northcarolinapioneers

Alamance County Genealogy Records


Alamance County was created in 1849 from Orange County. Its county seat is Graham.[3] Formed in 1849 from Orange County to the east.

Probate Records available to Members
  1. Marriage Bonds 1850 to 1866
  2. Map of Alamance County Railroad Property
Records available at North Carolina State Archives
  1. Miscellaneous Records 1836 to 1939
  2. List of Estates (Names) 1856-1949 (Adams to Zachary)

Find your Ancestors Records on North Carolina Pioneers

SUBSCRIBE HERE
Memberships has its benefits
Become a Member Click on Bundle and Save



Click on Subscribe

Monday, September 4, 2017

Yancey County NC Genealogies and Histories #northcarolinapioneers

Yancey County Genealogy Records



Yancey County

The western county of Yancey County was established during December of 1833 and was named after Bartlett Yancey of Caswell County, a United States Congressman and Speaker of the Senate. The county seat is Burnsville, North Carolina.

Records Available to Members
  • List of Estates 1853 to 1915
See how easy it is to view Wills, Estates, Inventories, Returns, Sales online
Find your Ancestors Records on North Carolina Pioneers

SUBSCRIBE HERE
Memberships has its benefits
Become a Member Click on Bundle and Save



Click on Subscribe