Wednesday, September 28, 2016

The Court System in Tryon Co. NC for Genealogists #northcarolinapioneers

Tryon County Genealogy Records

Tryon County Historical Marker

Tryon County is a former county which was located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It was formed in 1768 from the part of Mecklenburg County west of the Catawba River, although the legislative act that created it did not become effective until April 10, 1769. Tryon County encompassed a large area of northwestern South Carolina and was named after William Tryon, governor of the North Carolina Colony from 1765 to 1771. The county seat was not designated until 1774 and was located eight miles southwest of the present-day community of Lincolnton. 

Records Available to Members
  • Abernathy, Robert
  • Miscellaneous List of Records at North Carolina State Archives 1864 to 1926
Courts in Tryon County

Tryon County Map

The court records of Tryon County began during the April session of 1769. Ezekiel Polk was the first clerk and he resided near Kings Mountain, but later removed to the new county of Mecklenburg (taken from Tryon). His grandson, James K. Polk, later became President of the United States. Genealogists should research the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. The reason is that this is where deeds were filed, estates settled, guardians appointed, and wills recorded. Also, of importance are the details of daily living, such as the construction of roads, appointments of overseers, grand and petit gurors, and so on. The Courts of Oyer and Terminer, known as district courts who ruled over more than one county, compare to our Superior Courts. Tryon County was in the Salisbury District and each county appointed its quota of jurors to attend the Salisbury Court. In 1782, the Salisbury District was divided, and Lincoln and other western counties were declared a separate district by the name of Morgan, where the judges of the Superior Courts shall sit twice every year and hold a Superior Court of law. Lincoln County remained in the Morgan District, the courts being held at Morgantown, until 1806, when a Superior Court was established in each county of the state to be held twice every year. The Tryon Court was organized at the home of Charles McLean and this is where the Quarter Sessions for the years 1769, 1770 and 1771, were conducted. At the time he resided in what is now Gaston County on the headwaters of Crowder Creek. 

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